sábado, mayo 23, 2015

NPR on Puerto Rico's new farming movement

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2015/05/06/404649122/puerto-rico-is-sowing-a-new-generation-of-small-farmers?utm_source=facebook.com&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=npr&utm_term=nprnews&utm_content=20150506Puerto Rico Is Sowing A New Generation Of Small FarmersAlthough it’s a tropical island, perhaps surprisingly, Puerto Rico produces very little of its own food. After decades of industrialization, the U.S. territory imports more than 80 percent of what’s consumed on the island. There are signs, though, the trend is changing.One place you can see it is in Orocovis, a small town in Puerto Rico’s mountainous interior. At an elementary school there, Dalma Cartagena has for 15 years tended the seeds of an agricultural movement. Cartagena teaches agricultural science. It’s a special curriculum she developed that teaches children, from the third to the eighth grade, how to grow their own food.

Puerto Rico Is Sowing A New Generation Of Small Farmers

Although it’s a tropical island, perhaps surprisingly, Puerto Rico produces very little of its own food. After decades of industrialization, the U.S. territory imports more than 80 percent of what’s consumed on the island. There are signs, though, the trend is changing.


One place you can see it is in Orocovis, a small town in Puerto Rico’s mountainous interior. At an elementary school there, Dalma Cartagena has for 15 years tended the seeds of an agricultural movement. Cartagena teaches agricultural science. It’s a special curriculum she developed that teaches children, from the third to the eighth grade, how to grow their own food.

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viernes, mayo 22, 2015

Robots are coming

nprfreshair:

Attention White-Collar Workers: The Robots Are Coming For Your JobsFrom the self-checkout aisle of the grocery store to the sports section of the newspaper, robots and computer software are increasingly taking the place of humans in the workforce. Silicon Valley executive Martin Ford says that robots, once thought of as a threat to only manufacturing jobs, are poised to replace humans as teachers, journalists, lawyers and others in the service sector.


Attention White-Collar Workers: The Robots Are Coming For Your Jobs
From the self-checkout aisle of the grocery store to the sports section of the newspaper, robots and computer software are increasingly taking the place of humans in the workforce. Silicon Valley executive Martin Ford says that robots, once thought of as a threat to only manufacturing jobs, are poised to replace humans as teachers, journalists, lawyers and others in the service sector.
Rise of the Robots
Rise of the Robots
Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future
Hardcover, 334 pagespurchase

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Etiquetado de transgénicos, Vermont a la vanguardia

http://www.agenciaecologista.info/editoriales/782-etiquetado-de-transgenicos-vermont-a-la-vanguardia

Escrito por Carmelo Ruiz Marrero   
Miércoles 20 de Mayo de 2015 22:01
19 de mayo 2015
En Estados Unidos se ha desatado una gran lucha en torno al etiquetado de alimentos transgénicos. Esta lucha se ha dado a nivel estatal y nacional, en referendos al igual que en los ámbitos legislativo y judicial. De los 50 estados del país el que más se ha distinguido en afirmar el derecho del consumidor a estar informado es seguramente Vermont. En abril de 2014 el senado de Vermont aprobó- por un abrumador margen de 28 a 2- la ley 112, la primera legislación a nivel nacional que requiere del etiquetado de todo alimento con contenido transgénico- la cámara baja había aprobado legislación de etiquetado el año anterior. El gobernador del estado, Peter Shumlin, firmó la ley el 8 de mayo de 2014.

Los estados de Connecticut y Maine ya han aprobado legislación en pro del etiquetado, pero con cláusulas al efecto de que el etiquetado entraría en efecto sólo cuando otros estados hayan aprobado legislación similar. La ley 112 de Vermont no contiene tal condicionalidad.
Es necesario subrayar que esta victoria fue posible gracias al trabajo de base de Vermont Right to Know GMO, coalición multisectorial dirigida por la finca orgánica Cedar Circle, la asociación de productores orgánicos NOFA-VT, y las organizaciones Rural Vermont y Vermont Public Interest Research Group (VPIRG). (1)
 La industria alimentaria, representada por el poderoso gremio detallista Grocery Manufacturers Association (GMA), demandó a Vermont, alegando que la ley 112 viola la constitución nacional, particularmente la primera enmienda y la cláusula de comercio interestatal. (2) La GMA, que representa a más de 300 corporaciones que venden productos de supermercado, ha movilizado millones de dólares para financiar campañas de cabildeo y publicidad en contra del etiquetado de transgénicos, y en 2014 demandó a la isla hawaiana de Maui después que sus ciudadanos votaran en un referendo a favor de prohibir el cultivo de transgénicos. (3)
Pero la industria sufrió un duro revés en abril de 2015 cuando la juez Christina Reiss desestimó el caso presentado por la GMA contra Vermont, y en su decisión de 84 páginas despachó como inválidos sus argumentos legales y constitucionales.
“Los gigantes de los alimentos transgénicos no están acostumbrados a perder, pero acaban de recibir una patada en el trasero de parte del estado de Vermont,” comentó Paul Burns, de VPIRG. “Esta decisión judicial aporta un apoyo poderoso a la idea de que los ciudadanos de Vermont tienen un interés legítimo y sustantivo en saber si su comida ha sido genéticamente alterada.” (4)
La defensa en este caso fue asumida por la Clínica de Derecho Ambiental de la Escuela de Derecho de Vermont, con la asistencia de VPIRG y el Center for Food Safety (CFS) como amigos de la corte.
“Esta importante decisión afirma la constitucionalidad del etiquetado de alimentos genéticamente alterados, al igual que los derechos de los ciudadanos de Vermont y Estados Unidos”, declaró el abogado George Kimbrell, del CFS. “Los estadounidenses exigen saber si su comida es producida mediante ingeniería genética por razones de salud, ambientales y muchas otras. Esta decisión es crucial para proteger esos derechos.” (5)
La ley entrará en efecto el 1 de julio de 2016.

Ruiz Marrero es periodista puertorriqueño residente en Ecuador. Es director del Blog de Bioseguridad y autor de El Gran Juego de Ajedrez Botánico: Escritos sobre Biotecnología y Agroecología (Editorial Tiempo Nuevo, 2015).



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Brigada este domingo


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jueves, mayo 21, 2015

More from Riseup on web browsing

https://help.riseup.net/en/better-web-browsing

Better Web Browsing

Choosing a web browser

All four major web browsers, Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, and Safari, have experienced severe security flaws in the recent past, so you should make sure you are using the most up-to-date version, whichever one you choose.
All four major browsers receive a failing grade in our Browser Privacy Scorecard. However, these browsers can be made much better by installing certain extensions (see below).
Alternately, the Tor project provides a modified version of Firefox adapted to be more secure and anonymous called Tor Browser.

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Foro HOY jueves

El PIP mete mano contra el glifo

Senadora PIP radica proyecto para prohibir el uso del glifosato para desyerbar en propiedad pública
El Capitolio. 18 de mayo de 2015.- Ante la denuncia de expertos y científicos del efecto adverso del glifosato  (mercadeado como “Roundup”)  en la salud de las personas y la abundante evidencia que lo vincula con enfermedades como el cáncer, y de la constancia sobre el uso indiscriminado de este potente y dañino químico en el país, la senadora del Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño (PIP), María de Lourdes Santiago Negrón, radicó el Proyecto del Senado 1339 para prohibir su uso por parte de entidades gubernamentales, de tal forma que el Estado no continúe actuando, a conciencia,  como un agente que contribuye  a la exposición de la ciudadanía a un probado elemento tóxico.
“Es inconcebible que el Estado permita y sea uno de los principales promotores del uso de un herbicida -tan potente, que originalmente fue patentado como descalcificador para limpiar depósitos minerales en tuberías- al que se ha vinculado a problemas de salud como el cáncer, infertilidad, neurotoxicidad, problemas reproductivos, defectos de nacimiento, inflamación del cerebro asociada con el autismo y la enfermedad de Alzheimer, entre muchos otros”, declaró la Portavoz del PIP en el Senado.

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miércoles, mayo 20, 2015

Riseup's advice for more secure web browsing


> From: newsletter@lists.riseup.net
> Subject: [riseup] your web browser is not your friend [en] [de] [fr] [es] [pt] [it]
> Date: May 19, 2015 6:20:51 PM EDT
>
>
> Essential browser extensions
> --------------------------------------------------------
>
> Your web browser is not your friend: it allows your behavior to be tracked as you browse the web, often leaks personal information, and is a festering sore of endless security problems.
>
> This is not by accident, but by design. Despite their marketing, the browser companies care more about making advertisers happy than your privacy or security.
>
> For example, there was a huge debate in the 1990s [1] about the privacy implications of third-party cookies, which is why the official cookie technical specification required [2] that these type of "surveillance" cookies be disabled by default. Guess what? Nearly all browsers ignored this requirement under pressure from ad companies [3]. Fast-forward to 2010: after a Mozilla engineer disabled third-party cookies by default, advertisers became rabid and "coincidentally" Mozilla executives ordered the change reversed immediately [4]. After that, the browser companies quietly issued a new cookie standard which allowed third-party cookies to be enabled by default.
>
> The cookie debacle is just one example. If any of the browser companies gave two shits about your security or privacy, then they would kill off foreign http-referers, Flash, Java applets, and third-party cookies (among many other obvious changes). Google has a very good browser security team, but their hands are tied by policy decisions that keep advertisers happy.
>
> So, basically, we are fucked. Despite that, you can make your web browser experience a little bit better and more secure by following Riseup's handy guide to essential web browser extensions:
>
https://help.riseup.net/en/better-web-browsing
>
> [1] Shah, R. C., & Kesan, J. P. (2009). Recipes for cookies: how institutions shape communication technologies. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=565041
>
> [2] https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2109
>
> [3] Bruner, R. E. (1997, May). Advertisers win one in debate over “cookies”: Netscape move may settle sites concern over controversial targeting tool http://adage.com/article/news/advertisers-win-debate-cookies/405/
>
> [4] Soghoian, C. (2010). Thoughts on Mozilla and Privacy. http://paranoia.dubfire.net/2010/12/thoughts-on-mozilla-and-privacy.html
>
> Our machines don't run on wishes
> --------------------------------------------------------
>
> We have tried, but we can't run on good sentiment alone. Instead, we turn money into servers and electricity and labor and bandwidth. Together, these things sustain our little magical corner of the internet, where the watchword is digital justice not big data.
>
> If you think it is important for alternatives like Riseup to exist, put your money where your mouth is and contribute today:
>
>  https://help.riseup.net/donate
>
> In solidarity,
> The Riseup Birds

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HOY miércoles


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martes, mayo 19, 2015

Interview with Dan Chodorkoff on the founding of the Inst for Social Ecology

lunes, mayo 18, 2015

Political ecology blog

http://entitleblog.org/

Untitled_Panorama1
Entitle blog is a collaborative writing effort that looks at the world through the lens of political ecology. For us, Political Ecology is a perspective that seeks to understand who is involved in, and who benefits or loses from, how our environment is produced and reproduced.
It was founded in 2014 by fellows of the European Network of Political Ecology (ENTITLE) as an outlet to share, reflect on and discuss research and activist experiences, observations, methodologies, news, events, publications, art, music and other themes and objects related to political ecology.
With this blog we hope to carry reflections about political ecology outside the confines of universities and academic publishing houses, in the spirit of
  • improving accessibility to material on political ecology issues;
  • giving space to stories that happen doing research, which usually escape from the “academic”, i.e. stories of us as researchers, activists, and of the people resisting;
  • encouraging political ecology reflections on media (movies, books, fiction, novels, short stories, poems, comics, etc.) which even though they do not fall under the ‘academic radar’ inspire political ecology perspectives;
  • communicating issues in a more timely fashion and to a wider public than the academic publishing process would allow;
  • offering approachable commentaries on what we study, what we learn and what we observe around us as political ecology researchers and activist-scholars.
  • both inspiring and contributing to radical thought, towards more egalitarian socio-ecological futures
Finally, through the blog we hope to encourage the growth of the ENTITLE network. We urge interested individuals and research/activist/writing/blogging collectives to get in touch with us, to attend one of our our courses and other events, and/or to link to our website and blog posts.

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domingo, mayo 17, 2015

El Gran Juego de Ajedrez Botánico, nuevo libro de Carmelo Ruiz Marrero